Lesson 2: Isaiah 1-39: The Law and Judgment

Key Verse

But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

—Isaiah 64:6

Key Verse Thought: Read the key verse. From this verse, understand that we are a sinful people who could never stand before a Holy God. Because of that, there is no hope from within to become a righteous people who could stand before God. In this lesson, we will see what becomes of people, and even nations, who because of sin cannot live. All who rejected God “fade as a leaf” because mankind’s sin “like the wind, have taken us away.”

Emphasis: God gave the Law to reveal sin. Without that Law, no one would know right from wrong. However, the Law cannot save anyone, for it only brings judgment. Nevertheless, God promised the hope of salvation.

Lesson Summary: In our last lesson, we remembered the call of Isaiah. We then looked at the book as a whole, trying to understand some of the interesting things about the book.

In this lesson and the next one, we will look at something very interesting about the book of Isaiah. In the Bible, there are 66 books. Isaiah has 66 chapters. The 66 books of the Bible are divided into two main parts; the Old Testament and the New Testament. The Old Testament has 39 books. The New Testament has 27 books. The book of Isaiah can also be divided into two main parts. The first 39 chapters deal mainly with the judgments of God and the history of His people (think of the theme of the Old Testament). The last 27 chapters deal with the grace God will extend through His Messiah and the promise of restoration (think of the theme of the New Testament). 

The Day of the Lord is dealt with many times in the book of Isaiah. We will learn how this day relates to God’s people. Isaiah saw ten burdens on the nations. He also wrote how the Day of the Lord would relate to the world. He then listed the six woes upon Jerusalem. But through all of this, we will learn that in spite of the rejection of God and His Law among His people, God continually delivered them and promised restoration one day. He also reminded them that he would send Jesus. We will once again remember the time God saved Hezekiah from the invasion of Sennacherib. 

Isaiah examined the sins of Judah, speaking to the kings in their courts. He spoke during the days of Uzziah (Azariah, a good king), Jotham (a good king), King Ahaz (a very bad king), and King Hezekiah (a very good king).

This is our second of three lessons looking at the book of Isaiah.

Y2Q3 – Lesson 2 in full

Y2Q3 – Lesson 2 Questions

Y2Q3 – Lesson 2 Children’s Worksheets

If you are teaching this to younger children, here is a craft idea to help them remember the lesson:

We made a nativity scene with stickers to remember that Isaiah prophesied Jesus would be born. We included the verses Isaiah 7:14 and Isaiah 9:6-7.

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